Card fraud occurs when someone gets your card details and uses them to make purchases in your name on the internet or over the phone.
Skimming: A technique to record the details from the magnetic strip of your card by means of a device that fraudsters have illegally attached to an ATM. A miniature camera is also placed to overlook the PIN pad to capture you entering your PIN. The criminal can then use the details to create a counterfeit credit card. Skimming can also happen at retailers or restaurants. Handheld devices are used to skim your credit card during a normal transaction.
Shimming: This operates much like skimming in that the purpose of such fraud is to collect data embedded into the credit card. Hackers make use of a thin device - almost unnoticeable by a user - that is shimmed into the slot of the ATM's card reader or point-of-sale (POS) device. It then records the data on the chip as it is read by the appliance. The device must be extracted from the appliance for thieves to retrieve the data.
Card Trapping Devices: A technique using a device on the ATM to capture your card. Fraudsters may trick you into re-entering your PIN while they record it. The fraudster will then wait while you leave the ATM premises to remove the device and your card and use your card as they wish.
Shoulder Surfing: That simply happens when crooks spy on you to obtain your personal credentials, when you enter them on an ATM, computer or other electronic device. This is done easily while standing next to the person being observed or can be done long distance with the aid of binoculars or other vision-enhancing device. During a card fraud at an ATM, the fraudster will also try to trick you to get your bank card by diverting your attention, and thereafter, he will be free use both the card and PIN to withdraw money from your account.
Phantom Withdrawal: This fraud involves the unauthorised removal of funds from a bank account using an ATM, by means of a victim’s card and PIN. A typical scenario would involve a stolen card used at an ATM with a genuine PIN, either obtained by theft or illicit observation. The card can also be cloned.
Cards Cracking: This fraud scheme involving the unauthorised use of account information, is becoming widespread as fraudsters are targeting their victims - usually young people in need of money - via social media using advertisements of fake contests or scholarships. Fraudsters convince their victim to share their account information then deposit counterfeited cheques and quickly make withdrawals before the bank figures out the cheques are phony. The cheque bounces as it isn’t backed up by money, funds were withdrawn by the scammers and, usually the victim is then responsible to pay the money They’ve, by choice, given their information out hence authorised the use of their account.